This book brings together research into the process of stream acidification and its impact on Welsh surface waters, carried out over the past decade or so. It is perhaps surprising that not until the 1980's was clear evidence of stream acidification assembled. In Wales, concerns over pollution had focused water quality sampling principally on the areas of traditional heavy industry and large urban popula- tions served by inadequate sewerage systems and sewage disposal arrange- ments. Mistakenly, it had been assumed that, with its prevailing westerly winds, Wales would receive precipitation substantially unpolluted by the industrial and urban emissions from Britain and mainland Europe. Assurance of the high quality of Welsh upland streams, the traditional nursery ground of salmonids, was eroded particularly by studies in the vicinity of Llyn Brianne reservoir in the catchment of the River Tywi of Central Wales. These demonstrated a clear correspondence between the biological quality and fisheries of streams in the catchment and aspects of stream chemistry, par- ticularly pH, aluminium and calcium on the one hand, and catchment land- use on the other. It is salutary to record that the first signals were of an inexplicable failure of the runs of migratory salmonids into the upper catchment, occupied by the Llyn Brianne reservoir and its influent streams, and the failure to restore the fishery by re-stocking with eggs and fry. Only then did the significance of the recent decline in some other upland lake and reservoir fisheries in Wales become apparent.
A practical and accessible guide to understanding digital signal processing<br> <br> Introduction to Digital Signal Processing and Filter Design was developed and fine-tuned from the author's twenty-five years of experience teaching classes in digital signal processing. Following a step-by-step approach, students and professionals quickly master the fundamental concepts and applications of discrete-time signals and systems as well as the synthesis of these systems to meet specifications in the time and frequency domains. Striking the right balance between mathematical derivations and theory, the book features:<br> * Discrete-time signals and systems<br> * Linear difference equations<br> * Solutions by recursive algorithms<br> * Convolution<br> * Time and frequency domain analysis<br> * Discrete Fourier series<br> * Design of FIR and IIR filters<br> * Practical methods for hardware implementation<br> <br> A unique feature of this book is a complete chapter on the use of a MATLAB(r) tool, known as the FDA (Filter Design and Analysis) tool, to investigate the effect of finite word length and different formats of quantization, different realization structures, and different methods for filter design. This chapter contains material of practical importance that is not found in many books used in academic courses. It introduces students in digital signal processing to what they need to know to design digital systems using DSP chips currently available from industry.<br> <br> With its unique, classroom-tested approach, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing and Filter Design is the ideal text for students in electrical and electronic engineering, computer science, and applied mathematics, and an accessible introduction or refresher for engineers and scientists in the field.<br> <br> An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available online from the Wiley editorial department.<br> <br> An Instructor Support FTP site is also available.
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